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Q & A

About ISO



?What is Iso and national Standards bodies

ISO is an independent, non-governmental international organization with a membership of 162 national standards bodies. Through its members, it brings together experts to share knowledge and develop voluntary, consensus-based, market relevant International Standards that support innovation and provide solutions to global challenges.


?What are Standards


International Standards make things work. They give world-class specifications for products, services and systems, to ensure quality, safety and efficiency. They are instrumental in facilitating international trade

ISO has published more than 20500 International Standard and related documents, covering almost every industry, from technology, to food safety, to agriculture and healthcare. ISO International Standards impact everyone, everywhere


?What is a Standard


A standard is a document that provides requirements, specifications, guidelines or characteristics that can be used consistently to ensure that materials, products, processes and services are fit for their purpose. We published over 20 500 International Standards


?How does ISO develop Standards


An ISO standard is developed by a panel of experts, within a technical committee. Once the need for a standard has been established, these experts meet to discuss and negotiate a draft standard. As soon as a draft has been developed it is shared with ISO’s members who are asked to comment and vote on it. If a consensus is reached the draft becomes an ISO standard, if not it goes back to the technical committee for further edits



?What is conformity assessment


Conformity assessment involves a set of processes that show your product, service or system meets the requirements of a standard

The main forms of conformity assessment are testing, certification, and inspection


Certification


Certification is the provision by an independent body of written assurance (a certificate) that the product, service or system in question meets specific requirements. Certification is also known as third party conformity assessment.

Many companies and organizations decide to get certified to one of ISO’s management system standards, such as ISO 9001. This is a way of showing outsiders that the organisation has an effective quality management system in place


Testing


Testing is the determination of one or more of an object or product’s characteristics and is usually performed by a laboratory

For example, many people have their blood tested which involves analysing the blood against a number of characteristics such as whether it shows the presence of a disease, or genetic disorder



Inspection


Inspection describes the regular checking of a product to make sure it meets specified criteria


Fire extinguishers, for example, need regular inspections to ensure they are safe for use


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